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美国海运的各种运输方式

  • BY: 进出口贸易公司
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FCL是国际货物运输行业中常用的“整箱装”的缩写。

从美国海运过来的货物,整箱运输指的是海运服务,与拼箱运输不同,整箱运输赋予美国货物在entires multimodal sea freight containers: 20', 40', 40HC等集装箱内的海运权利。

通常集装箱由托运人在托运人的设施装载并密封。然后集装箱在美国境内通过陆路运输到海运承运人的集装箱堆场(CY),在那里等待从美国到最终目的地的集装箱堆场的运输。

请注意,直接海运承运人(称为Steamship Lines - SSL)的集装箱堆场不一定是海港。集装箱堆场可以在内陆国家和城市,比如美国,也可以在目的地国家。这种集装箱堆场通过铁路或卡车线路与海港相连。也就是说,海运可以包括通过SSL进行的内陆货运。

不要混淆SSL卡车运输(包含在整箱海运中)和本地卡车运输(称为预运输或上运输)。本地卡车运输是指将集装箱从集装箱堆场运送到集装箱堆场。它不包括在海运费用中。

还要注意,离港港和抵港港不一定在原籍国和目的地国。货柜可由铁路、铁路或本地船只由抵港/离港港口运往其他国家的货柜堆场。

最后,可以从美国直接整箱装运到你的目的地国家,也可以从美国通过中途某个中心港口转运。整箱运输是国际货物运输行业中常用的“整箱运输”的缩写。

从美国海运过来的货物,整箱运输指的是海运服务,与拼箱运输不同,整箱运输赋予美国货物在entires multimodal sea freight containers: 20', 40', 40HC等集装箱内的海运权利。

通常集装箱由托运人在托运人的设施装载并密封。

FCL is the abbreviation of "Full Container Load" that is commonly used in the international cargo transportation industry.

In respect of cargo transportation from the USA by sea, FCL means an ocean freight service, which unlike LCL freight, grants rights to ship from USA cargo in entires multimodal sea freight containers: 20', 40', 40HC etc.

Typically containers load and seal by shippers at the shippers' facility. Then containers transport within the USA by land to an ocean freight carrier's Container Yard (CY) where wait for the shipping from the USA to container yards at final destinations.

Note that Container Yards of direct ocean freight carriers (called Steamship Lines - SSL) are not necessarily seaports. Container yards can be in landlocked countries and cities, as in the U.S. as well as in destination countries. Such container yards are connected with seaports by rail or truck lines. I.e. ocean freight may include inland trucking by SSL.

Do not confuse SSL trucking, which is included in FCL ocean freight, with local trucking called Pre-carriage or On-carriage. Local trucking means transport containers from/to container yards. It is not included in ocean freight.

Also note, that ports of departures and ports of arrivals are not necessarily in countries of origins and destinations. Containers can be transported from/to seaports of arrivals/departures to container yards in other countries by rail, tracks or local vessels (fiders).

Finally, there could be a direct FCL shipping from the USA to your destination country OR shipping from the USA with trans-shipping via a hub-seaport somewhere on the way. Via Hong Kong, Singapore, Hamburg etc.FCL is the abbreviation of "Full Container Load" that is commonly used in the international cargo transportation industry.

In respect of cargo transportation from the USA by sea, FCL means an ocean freight service, which unlike LCL freight, grants rights to ship from USA cargo in entires multimodal sea freight containers: 20', 40', 40HC etc.

Typically containers load and seal by shippers at the shippers' facility.

 

 vFCL is the abbreviation of "Full Container Load" that is commonly used in the international cargo transportation industry.

In respect of cargo transportation from the USA by sea, FCL means an ocean freight service, which unlike LCL freight, grants rights to ship from USA cargo in entires multimodal sea freight containers: 20', 40', 40HC etc.

Typically containers load and seal by shippers at the shippers' facility. Then containers transport within the USA by land to an ocean freight carrier's Container Yard (CY) where wait for the shipping from the USA to container yards at final destinations.

Note that Container Yards of direct ocean freight carriers (called Steamship Lines - SSL) are not necessarily seaports. Container yards can be in landlocked countries and cities, as in the U.S. as well as in destination countries. Such container yards are connected with seaports by rail or truck lines. I.e. ocean freight may include inland trucking by SSL.

Do not confuse SSL trucking, which is included in FCL ocean freight, with local trucking called Pre-carriage or On-carriage. Local trucking means transport containers from/to container yards. It is not included in ocean freight.

Also note, that ports of departures and ports of arrivals are not necessarily in countries of origins and destinations. Containers can be transported from/to seaports of arrivals/departures to container yards in other countries by rail, tracks or local vessels (fiders).

Finally, there could be a direct FCL shipping from the USA to your destination country OR shipping from the USA with trans-shipping via a hub-seaport somewhere on the way. Via Hong Kong, Singapore, Hamburg etc.FCL is the abbreviation of "Full Container Load" that is commonly used in the international cargo transportation industry.

In respect of cargo transportation from the USA by sea, FCL means an ocean freight service, which unlike LCL freight, grants rights to ship from USA cargo in entires multimodal sea freight containers: 20', 40', 40HC etc.

Typically containers load and seal by shippers at the shippers' facility.

 

 

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